一年后,使用电子烟帮助他们戒烟的人



一年后,使用电子烟帮助他们戒烟的人比那些使用替代性辅助工具或什么都不干的人戒烟的可能性更高。这些人也更有可能继续依赖尼古丁。
 
电子烟
 
这就是加利福尼亚大学圣地亚哥分校的约翰·皮尔斯(John Pierce)及其同事在评估美国成千上万的人戒烟尝试时发现的。不参与这项工作的研究人员认为,但研究结果不一定意味着电子烟不会帮助某些人戒烟。
 
皮尔斯和他的同事评估了这项研究的一部分收集的数据,这项研究在美国各地招募了大约49,000人。在一项研究中,该团队研究了32,320名被问及他们使用烟草制品的成年人的结果。一年后,询问每个人是否尝试戒烟,他们使用过的方法以及他们是否成功。第二年,他们被问到是否禁欲12个月或更长时间。
 
在最初表示每天吸烟的9021人中,有2770人试图戒烟。大约24%的人使用电子烟作为戒烟辅助工具,而大约19%的人使用其他辅助工具,例如临床批准的药物和其他尼古丁替代疗法,例如贴剂,喷雾剂和锭剂。其余的人没有使用任何产品。
 
但是产品的选择似乎并没有改变他们戒烟的成功程度。到该时期结束时,只有大约10%的人设法戒烟12个月或更长时间,无论他们是否使用过电子烟,其他产品或根本没有使用过。到研究期结束时,尝试戒烟的人中约有82%仍在吸烟。
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