新西兰的一项调查显示,越来越多的吸烟者转向电子烟来戒烟

惠灵顿奥塔戈大学的一项研究发现,吸烟者越来越多地使用电子烟来戒烟。
 

电子烟

这项研究的主要作者,来自该大学公共卫生部的理查德·爱德华兹教授,研究发现,在18-24岁的人群和最近戒烟的人群中,使用电子烟最为普遍。研究还表明,在2016年至2018年间,吸烟者和最近戒烟者的意识水平以及电子烟的使用都有所提高。

作为国际烟草控制政策评估(ITC)项目新西兰分部的一部分,该研究包括2016年至2017年间1155人和2018年1020人(其中400人为毛利人)吸烟或最近戒烟的调查。参与者是从全国代表性的新西兰健康调查中招募的,他们被问及他们的吸烟行为、对电子烟的看法、使用的原因。

2018年的调查发现,大多数受访吸烟者(98%)意识到电子烟的存在。共有77%的受访者表示曾尝试过吸菸,22%的受访者表示目前至少每月使用电子烟,11%的受访者每天都使用电子烟。爱德华兹教授指出,毛利人和非毛利人参与者的使用模式大体相似。

78%的人使用电子烟戒烟

19%的受访者是18-24岁的人,而10%的人来自老年人小组。每天最近戒烟者中使用量最大的是23%,而每天吸烟者中有8%是现在的吸烟者。78%的人为了戒烟而使用电子烟,81%的人为了戒烟而使用电子烟。就年龄而言,19%的用户是18-24岁的用户,而10%的用户来自年龄较大的群体,这并不奇怪,因为年轻人更懂技术。

爱德华兹教授说,令人鼓舞的是,电子烟的使用在最近戒烟者和那些想戒烟的人中普遍存在。他说:“这表明电子烟有助于降低吸烟率,并有助于实现到2025年奥特罗亚无烟化的目标。”。

另一方面,他补充说,在年轻一代人中普遍使用的事实令人担忧。“然而,令人担忧的是,电子烟在18-24岁的人群中更为普遍。如果电子烟要对减少吸烟作出实质性贡献,就需要在老年群体中更多地使用电子烟。”

许多吸烟的人不经常吸电子烟

另一个令研究人员担忧的发现是,大量吸烟者报告说,他们只是试用电子烟,而不是经常使用电子烟。“最常见的潜在障碍是,68%的受试者认为吸菸不如抽烟令人满意,39%的人错误地认为电子烟与吸烟一样有害或更有害,或不确定(15%)

他补充说,这样的信念表明需要通过vaping Facts网站等途径对公众进行有关vaping的教育。“这可以使吸烟者了解吸烟和电子烟的相对成本和危害性,以鼓励吸烟的人戒烟或完全改用电子烟方式,并鼓励吸烟的人到专业零售商那里寻求专家建议,为他们提供最好的电子烟产品。”

人们发现,省钱是鼓励这种转变的一个很大的激励因素

爱德华兹还指出,人们吸菸最常见的诱因是省钱,因此,与吸菸产品相比,维持香烟价格高企的税制,可能会证明是有效的。

关于实现新西兰的无烟目标,该研究报告的作者说,就目前情况来看,到2025年不太可能实现这一目标,特别是对毛利人和太平洋民族而言,在那里需要采取更多的行动。“电子烟做出了有益的贡献,但要让所有新西兰人都能享受到无烟的Aotearoa,还需要更多的努力。需要一项全面的战略,使烟熏烟草产品不那么吸引人、不易上瘾、不易获得,以补充电子烟等替代产品在降低吸烟率方面的影响。”

文章来源:电子烟,如若转载,请注明出处:http://www.hhdye.com/1718.html

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