电子烟效果怎么样?英国癌症研究中心指出:电子烟远远比香烟安全

在这里,我们必须强调,电子烟VAPE 并不是完全无害,只是远远低于传统香烟,所以国外称之为「减害烟」。
 
电子烟效果
 
电子烟效果怎么样?优于尼古丁替代疗法
 
英国伦敦玛丽王后大学(QMUL)研究人员,针对八八六名英国民众进行临床试验。受试者被随机分成两组,一组接受最多三个月的尼古丁替代疗法,另一组则被给予电子烟,并鼓励他们自行购买电子烟。研究期间是二○一五年五月至一八年二月,由英国国家健康研究院(NIHR)资助。
 
研究人员发现,电子烟组受试者一年后戒烟成功率达十八%,但戒瘾者中有八十%仍在使用电子烟。尼古丁替代疗法组受试者戒烟成功率仅九。九%,戒瘾者中有九%仍在使用尼古丁产品。
 
电子烟因为不含烟草、焦油及其他致癌物,专家视为戒烟有效方法。先前研究显示,电子烟可能有助于减少烟量,或有助于完全戒烟,但有研究忧心,青少年电子烟吸食比例偏高。美国食品暨药物管理局(FDA)称其为青少年「流行病」。
 
为此,美、英等国监管机构仍未批准将其作为戒烟工具进行销售。研究主笔、伦敦玛丽王后大学临床心理学教授哈耶克(Peter Hajek)指出,健康专家一直不愿推荐使用电子烟,该研究可能带来改变。
 
未参与研究的牛津大学行为学专家哈曼。博伊斯(Jamie Hartmann-Boyce)则评论,仍须更多研究证实电子烟的长期效用,但专家普遍同意,电子烟对人体的伤害低于烟草,改用电子烟可能带来健康效益。
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