新西兰:研究显示禁烟草展示可保护青少年

导读:新西兰研究显示烟草展示禁令能保护青少年和戒烟者。这项由奥塔哥大学癌症协会社会和行为研究部的林赛·罗伯逊领导的研究,回顾了自2008年以来调查零售店烟草促销和吸烟间关系的所有研究。

中国电子烟资讯消息:根据新西兰奥塔哥大学的一份新研究,终止卷烟和烟草产品在零售店的展示和推广有助于防止青少年开始吸烟并让戒烟者保持戒烟。

这项由奥塔哥大学癌症协会社会和行为研究部的林赛·罗伯逊领导的研究,回顾了自2008年以来调查零售店烟草促销和吸烟间关系的所有研究。

在罗伯逊小姐和同事回顾的20项研究中,有9项专门研究了儿童和青少年,每一项研究都发现年轻人越频繁地看到商店的烟草展示和促销,他们就越有可能吸烟。

“有证据表明,如果烟草产品不再在商店中公开展示,年轻人将改变他们看待吸烟的方式,他们会认为吸烟是不太常见的。该发现是非常重要的,因为我们知道吸烟越是不常被看到,年轻人越是不大可能吸烟,”罗伯逊小姐说。

对于成年吸烟者,暴露于商店的烟草产品展示中增加了他们购买烟草产品和吸烟冲动的风险。她说,当吸烟者进入一家商店时,如果他们不被烟草产品展示所诱惑,吸烟者更容易继续尝试戒烟。

新西兰2012年7月颁布立法禁止烟草产品在商店和其它店铺如酒吧中展示。罗伯逊小姐总结道:“其它想减少吸烟流行率的国家也应当考虑禁止在销售点展示烟草产品。”

奥塔哥大学的罗伯逊小姐、罗布·麦基教授、路易斯·马什博士和珍妮特·霍克教授撰写的《销售点烟草促销对吸烟影响的系统回顾》,发表在《尼古丁和烟草研究》的网上。

该研究由新西兰彩票健康研究、新西兰哮喘基金会和新西兰癌症协会提供资金支持。

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