iqos和真烟哪个危害大?自从IQOS烟弹加热



iqos和真烟哪个危害大?自从IQOS面世后,尽管其发展速度超乎了所有人的预期,但是对待IQOS的态度人仍有很多质疑的声音存在。对待IQOS的质疑主要围绕在IQOS是否真的比传统烟健康,菲莫国际针对这个问题也在陆续发布各种自身产品的研究数据报告,一些国际健康组织也在进行研究。作为普通消费者,我们除了静观其变,还有自己实用的方法。

而我今天要写的,是关于 IQOS 烟弹加热前后的变化,和内部材质与结构的展示。重点看过滤的程度和烟油减少的逻辑。

解剖准备:

这次选用的烟弹是万宝路的淡原味,其实什么味道无所谓,主要是万宝路毕竟属于 iQOS 耗材里主流的产品。

写这篇文章,我准备了两根万宝路烟弹,一根(左边)没加热过的,一根(右边)带油渍的是加热后的烟弹。还有一把小剪子,用于给它们“做解剖手术”。

iqos和真烟哪个危害大

燃烧前的烟弹:

先来看这跟干干净净未加热的烟弹。加热之前是这个样子滴,大家好像都很熟悉了,就不必介绍太多了。好吧,烟弹的长度是普通香烟的大概 1/2 那么长。

解剖之后我们看到,烟弹分为四个部分。从左至右:烟嘴部分过滤棉、像塑料一样的 PLA 烟油过滤片、衔接烟丝部分的空心过滤棉、烟丝。

来看看烟丝,当我们拆开之后就会发现,这个实际上并不是传统的烟叶做成的,问起来真的挺香的,柔软感觉有湿度。应该是某种特殊的材料浸泡后做成的。

现在来看那个特别像塑料纸的 PLA 烟油过滤片,这个东西的确样子很像塑料,但实际上是 PLA,也就是聚乳酸。曾经有人误会说这个东西就是塑料,然后就琢磨,如果抽烟的过程中,把塑料加热了,那吸入后得多有害啊。其实这完全是误会,因为根本不是塑料。

聚乳酸(PLA)是一种新型的生物基及可再生生物降解材料,使用可再生的植物资源(如玉米)所提出的淀粉原料制成。淀粉原料经由糖化得到葡萄糖,再由葡萄糖及一定的菌种发酵制成高纯度的乳酸,再通过化学合成方法合成一定分子量的聚乳酸。其具有良好的生物可降解性,使用后能被自然界中微生物在特定条件下完全降解,最终生成二氧化碳和水,不污染环境,这对保护环境非常有利,是公认的环境友好材料。这个东西实际上就是一个长长的片,然后“蜷缩”在里面,裹成一个圆筒状,到底有什么用,一会儿你就看明白了。

iqos和真烟哪个危害大

空心过滤棉,在没有使用之前还是白白的,干净的。

滤嘴过滤棉也是这样,一切正常,一切都那么白皙。

燃烧后的解剖:

ok,正戏终于来了,这是加热后的烟弹,烟丝中间是被 iQOS 加热片“插”过的痕迹,已经有变黑、炭化的迹象。并且烟纸上也有很多油渍。

我们现在看加热后的 IQOS 烟弹,烟丝部分已经变黑、炭化,空心过滤面也有变色的痕迹,再看 PLA 烟油过滤片,离烟弹近的那一部分已经有萎缩的痕迹,最后看滤嘴过滤棉,也有颜色变黄的痕迹。

我们把它拆开看看,1号是滤嘴,2号的 PLA 从这个角度看已经有融化的迹象了,而3号的空心过滤棉也有黑边的痕迹。最后的烟弹部分也已经相当黑。

现在展开加热后的颜色,里面已经变得焦脆,炭化的部分稍微一碰就会碎并且有浓浓的味道。

空心过滤棉有变色的痕迹,也就是过滤了有害物质,特别是焦油。

iqos和真烟哪个危害大

重点来了:看图2里面那些黄色的油点,是加热之后被过滤掉的焦油,也就是说,我们抽 iQOS 烟弹会通过三道关卡,层层过滤焦油,最后过滤出来的已经是相对伤害很低的烟雾了。

最后就是我们的过滤嘴部分,变色痕迹很浅,这就说明,之前的那几道关卡真的很有意义,真正地为我们解决了焦油的吸入量。

总结一下:

1、“加热不燃烧”的方式让 IQOS 变得更健康

2、烟弹的构造也是对于焦油有极大的过滤效果,健康更上一层楼

3、为了健康,建议各位早日抛弃传统的燃烧香烟而换成 IQOS 或者火器GS5.0等其它“加热不燃烧”的电子烟。

最后,引用一段关于IQOS原理的讲解:

原理:传统烟草是通过点燃吸食,烟草燃烧时的温度达到800度,在烟草燃烧的过程中会产生尼古丁、一氧化碳、焦油等,同时烟草本身还有香味释放出来,而抽烟者主要也是通过吸食尼古丁,烟草香味来获得满足。抽烟产生的有害成分有2000多种,对人体健康造成伤害的主要成分均来自燃烧过程中产生的焦油,但是加热不燃烧电子烟工作种工作温度在300都左右,不超过300度,焦油主要是在400度以上的时候产生,也就是说,加热不燃烧电子烟由于温度的关系,产生少量焦油,可以忽略不计,而且,加热不燃烧的温度只有300度左右,因此没有燃烧产生,也没有明火,也无烟灰,但是烟草的香味和烟草味任然被释放出来了,吸烟者也能够获得尼古丁,使得烟民同样能够获得抽真烟的感受。

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