研究:使用电子烟的青少年未来吸烟的可能性是不使用的3倍

1月19日消息,据Vapingpost报道,一项新的研究表明,使用电子烟的年轻人与从未使用过电子烟的年轻人相比,日后吸烟的风险高出三倍
 
发表在美国儿科学会官方同行评议期刊《儿科》上的一项新研究发现,这项研究对大约16000名12至24岁的人进行了至少一种烟草制品的试用。近33%的研究样本尝试过五种或更多的烟草制品。
 
该杂志发现,电子烟和香烟是青少年和年轻人尝试的两种最受欢迎的产品。分析指出,从那以后,额外的烟草制品增加了烟草制品使用者成为成年吸烟者的可能性。美国国家医学院(National Academy of Medicine)在2018年发表的一项类似研究发现,成年后吸烟与潜在吸烟之间存在类似的联系。
 
在18岁之前使用电子烟和其他多种烟草制品与后来的日常吸烟行为有着某种程度的“密切联系”。研究还发现,电子烟使用量的大幅增加,特别是在年轻人和老年人中,将有可能扭转这些年龄段吸烟人数的下降趋势,因为尼古丁使用可能会产生所谓的“门户效应”。
 
研究报告的作者发现:“自从电子烟问世以来,美国青少年和年轻人尝试烟草时,通常会尝试多种烟草产品。这对随后流行的日常吸烟(最有害的烟草使用形式)的影响尚不清楚。”
 
加州大学圣地亚哥分校摩尔癌症中心赫伯特·韦特海姆公共卫生与人类长寿科学学院和癌症控制项目的约翰·P·皮尔斯博士与其他几位作者共同领导了这项研究。所有的作者都来自加州大学圣地亚哥分校和同样的组织。
 
“这项为期4年的全国代表性研究表明,使用电子烟的年轻人(与从未使用过电子烟的年轻人相比)日后吸烟的风险高出三倍,”研究指出。“其他预测因素包括18岁以前的烟草使用量和尝试过的烟草制品数量。”
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