选择电子烟用来戒烟,是对还是错?

电子烟危害.jpg

导读:你为什么选择电子烟?因为它可以戒烟。目前,有越来越多的烟民选择电子香烟,原因无外乎“电子香烟危害更小”、“辅助戒烟”等功效,但世界卫生组织(WHO)的一份报告,可能要让广大感叹科技时代就是好的烟民们失望了。WHO 近期起草了一份名为《电子尼古丁运载系统》(以下简称“报告”)的调查报告。
中国电子烟资讯消息:目前,有越来越多的烟民选择电子香烟,原因无外乎“电子香烟危害更小”、“辅助戒烟”等功效,但世界卫生组织(WHO)的一份报告,可能要让广大感叹科技时代就是好的烟民们失望了。WHO 近期起草了一份名为《电子尼古丁运载系统》(以下简称“报告”)的调查报告,并计划于即将召开的《烟草控制框架公约》会议上提交给各缔约国,以呼吁各国严厉监管电子香烟市场。

“简而言之,WHO 的报告表明电子香烟类型的设备正在对公共健康造成威胁。”世卫组织非传染性疾病预防司司长 Douglas Bettcher 表示。电子烟主要通过电力驱动设备内的暗盒,使暗盒内的溶剂雾化成含有尼古丁的水蒸气,这类设备过去两年在世界范围内实现销量的飙升,但其缺乏长期而有力的安全数据。

报告显示,烟民们选择电子烟出于两个目的:一方面为了戒烟,一方面是为了摆脱公共场所禁烟令的限制。之前,一些医生建议 WHO 减少对电子烟的监管,报告中相关数据也表明,电子烟在帮助用户戒烟方面确实取得了一定成效。

但报告也指出,某些品牌的电子烟产品会释放出甲醛、重金属等致癌元素,相比传统香烟对身体损害更大,且电子烟的吸入方式有助于尼古丁在空气中的广泛传播,对公共区域内儿童及孕妇的健康构成威胁。另一方面,各国针对电子香烟的广告以及销售渠道还没有完善,增加了未成年人的购买几率。所以 WHO 呼吁各国禁止在公共场所使用电子香烟,严格监管电子烟的销售渠道以及产品广告的功能性宣传。

 

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