美国“危机”:青少年吸食电子烟人数剧增

导读:据美国“侨报网”8月25日报道,美国新出炉的一项研究显示,2013年不吸烟但吸食电子烟的初中和高中生人数超过25万,这一人数比2011年猛增了3倍。

中国电子烟资讯消息:据路透社报道,美国疾病控制和预防中心(CDC)的此项报告称,这一数字从2011年的7.9万人猛增至2013年的26.3万人,而且青少年吸食电子烟会导致出现更多的新烟民。对于不吸烟但吸食电子烟的青少年,有44%表示将来打算吸食传统香烟,而不吸烟也不吸食电子烟的孩子中仅有21.5%有此意愿。
对此,该中心吸烟与健康办公室主任蒂姆·迈克菲博士表示,他们非常担心尼古丁在青少年中的使用状况,不管它是来自传统香烟、电子烟或其他烟草产品,尼古丁很容易上瘾,而且会危害青少年大脑发育。
纽约一家戒烟中心负责人帕特丽夏·弗兰也表示,该研究显示CDC需要制定更加强有力法规来管控电子香烟,如果没有CDC目前的管理规定,使用传统香烟和电子烟的青少年数量可能会更多。在过去的几年中该中心已加强了对烟草的控制,尤其加强了对青少年吸烟问题的关注。
尽管电子烟中含有尼古丁而未包含许多传统烟草香烟中携带的致癌物质,但该中心的研究显示,尼古丁对青少年大脑发育有害,恐会对记忆和思考能力产生持久危害。
而且尼古丁很容易上瘾,该中心称吸烟青少年中大约3/4成为了未来的成人烟民。
为此,该中心吸烟与健康办公室副主任、此项研究报告的主要作者丽贝卡·邦内尔表示,越来越多青少年使用电子烟的现象应引起孩子父母和公共卫生界的关注,而当今在互联网上、电视、电影、零售商店和报纸杂志上广泛出现的烟草和电子烟告是导致青少年吸烟人数上升的主要因素,尤其是名人代言的电子烟广告对青少年而言影响很大。
该报告显示,看过3个或以上烟草广告的青少年中打算吸烟的占近26%,仅看过一两个类似广告的青少年只有20%有吸烟意愿,而从未看过类似广告的青少年中仅有13%想吸烟。
而美国心脏协会(AHA)也呼吁,电子烟应受到与传统香烟一样的法律规范。美国心脏协会的首席执行官南希·布朗表示,这项新研究引起了社会广泛的担忧,电子烟可能回导致更多的青少年成为传统香烟吸食者,并将不健康的吸烟行为演变成社会的一种正常行为,必须加强对电子烟的监管、深入研究和密切关注。
据美国卫生局统计,每天有超过3200名美国人开始吸烟,每年因吸烟而死亡的人数近一百万人,有超过1600万患有与吸烟有关的疾病,而每年因此产生的直接医疗费用高达1320亿美元(约合人民币8020.9亿元)。(

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