使用电子烟容易感染新冠?谣言!

好的,鉴于“抹黑”电子烟的媒体最近又开始躁动,新势力的打假部队只好再出来维持治安了。
 
不懂的朋友可能先去度娘一下「电子烟」,你们大概就能明白……我们为什么会发这篇文章了。
 
各位都知道,新冠疫情确实对全球的公共卫生带来很大的冲击,先不说别的,光是持续飙升的死亡人口数量就够呛,更别提「COVID-19」一词究竟有多令人恐慌。
 
可就是有那么不知好歹的媒体,仗着电子烟面临监管压力,硬是要拉着国外吹牛逼的研究说你电子烟跟新冠有关!
 
你说这气不气人?
 
 
当然,在我们开喷之前,先来看看报导原委:
 
据媒体《cnBeta》编译报道,斯坦福大学的一项新研究发现,使用电子烟的青少年被诊断为新冠的可能性远高于没有使用电子烟的年轻人。
 
根据周二发表在《青少年健康杂志》上的研究,同时吸卷烟和电子烟的年轻人被诊断为新冠的可能性高出七倍。只使用电子烟的人被诊断为新冠的可能性高出五倍。
 
专家表示,随着新冠检测呈阳性的年轻人数量的增加,公共卫生官员应该关注使用电子烟的情况,因为电子烟让流行病得不到控制。不仅如此,年轻电子烟使用者对新冠的易感性应告知监管机构如何解决电子烟的普及化。
 
“当我第一次开始看到青少年和年轻人突然被诊断出 COVID-19 阳性并发生实际患病的故事时,我的一个想法是,这项研究是否可以部分解释这一点?”该研究作者 Bonnie Halpern-Felsher 说。
 
世界卫生组织本月发现,年轻人感染新冠的比例最近急剧上升。在世卫组织掌握年龄数据的全球600万患者中,15岁至24岁的比例大幅增加,从2月24日的4.5%增加到7月12日的15%。
 
Felsher 的研究并没有确切地揭示出吸电子烟是如何增加年轻人患病的可能性的。这可能是因为吸电子烟影响肺部或免疫系统的方式;或者电子烟使用者可能因为其他原因而更多地接触到病毒。
 
该文件也指出,电子烟使用者更多的时候倾向于共享设备和触摸他们的脸部。
 
“然而,在去年爆发了电子烟的相关肺部伤害之后,这是电子烟不健康的又一个迹象,” Felsher解释,"听着,这是一种流行病,现在是你戒烟的时候,请不要再吸食。"
 
 
“我不认为有人会对结果感到震惊。我想人们会说我们预见到了这一点。”没有参与这项研究的约翰斯霍普金斯大学环境健康与工程系助理教授 Ana María Rule 指出,COVID- 19 和电子烟会影响肺部的相同部位。
 
虽然结果可能不让人惊讶,但根据 Rule 的说法,这是一项很重要的研究。研究人员一直怀疑吸电子烟会导致长期的健康影响。“这项研究改变的是,我们现在看到电子烟可能实际上会有短期的健康影响。”
 
新论文的研究结果是基于5月份对4351名13至24岁的美国居民进行的在线调查。
 
该样本反映了大致相等数量、且不同年龄、种族和性别的人,结果被调整为混杂变量。参与者对照所在州的新冠病例数量,以及是否遵循申报。
 
同样重要的是,与研究卷烟和 COVID-19 结果之间的联系的类似研究不同,新的研究是基于普通人群的。以前的研究是新冠患者,而新的研究包括更多的人,而不仅是那些已经检测出阳性的人。
 
Felsher 解释说,这使得它涵盖更多的无偏见样本。新的论文呼吁美国食品药物管理局(FDA)监管电子烟和告诫青少年新冠大流行对美国造成的严重破坏。
 
除此之外,Felsher 和研究人员在论文中写道,医疗服务提供者应该询问患者是否使用电子烟,或拥有吸烟史。这可以让医生更好地了解电子烟用户在新冠期间的风险程度。
 
以上就是编译报导的全文,由于翻译水平太低,新势力还参照原文做了一些修改。
 
看完之后……小朋友,你是否有很多问号???
 
是不是发现标题跟内文不搭,然后内文的研究人员还有一点飘?如果是这种情况,说明你还是个会思考的正常人。
 
新势力先提取出文章中的两个问题:
 
1. Felsher 的研究并没有确切地揭示出吸电子烟是如何增加年轻人患病的可能性的。这可能是因为吸电子烟影响肺部或免疫系统的方式;或者电子烟使用者可能因为其他原因而更多地接触到病毒。
 
2. 以前的研究是新冠患者,而新的研究包括更多的人,而不仅是那些已经检测出阳性的人。
 
这两句话完全可以说明这篇研究报告的结果纯属猜测,一来没有两者关联性的可靠证据;其次,研究样本里的调查对象也不全是新冠患者。
 
那新势力就想好奇问一问,这个“高出五倍”的倍率怎么得出来的?而且又是哪个研究告诉你电子烟使用者更倾向于共享设备?
 
你特么都不知道年轻电子烟用户究竟会不会感染 COVID-19,就直接得出结论,你各位都是江湖百晓生,未卜先知来着?
 
然后没有参与研究的 Rule 博士再出来逼逼两句,说这研究很重要,就证实了电子烟的短期危害?
 
这不只说不过去,结论甚至还有点荒唐!
 
恶心!
 
 
其实,电子烟究竟会不会增加感染新冠的风险,目前没有一个完整的研究可以证明其两者关系。
 
虽然钟南山团队曾在《新英格兰医学杂志》上发表研究,表明吸烟者肺组织中 ACE2 基因表达相对无吸烟史者明显较高,但新冠患者抽样中,吸烟比例却不占多数。
 
此外,近期法国巴黎的一组研究人员在《新英格兰医学杂志》上发表的一项新研究也表明,尼古丁可以保护人们免于感染冠状病毒。
 
该国计划正在进行进一步试验,以测试该物质是否可用于预防或治疗致命疾病。这项研究对343名冠状病毒患者以及139名感染了症状较轻的疾病的人进行了检测。结果发现吸烟的比例很少,而法国普通人口的吸烟率为35%。
 
值得注意的是,上述研究针对的都是传统卷烟产品,以及传统烟民,这意味着并没有直接证据指向电子烟。而在电子烟当中唯一与研究有关连的也只有尼古丁本身。
 
当然,新势力不提倡各位多吸烟能防新冠,或者鼓励大家使用电子烟来对抗疫情。我们希望的是,在没有足够证据能够证明“电子烟会增加感染新冠风险”以前,不管是编译也好、引用也罢,身为媒体都不应该散布这种会造成“恐慌”的谣言。
 
毕竟就算透过蹭电子烟的热度赚到了流量,但对从业人员以及电子烟用户所造成的伤害,是你们想负也负不起的责任!
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