女生抽电子烟有啥危害?

随着电子烟走入大家的生活,不少女孩子也开始吸电子烟,因为相比香烟电子烟味道更好,不会有臭味,那么女生抽电子烟有啥危害?今天中国电子烟资讯为大家解答。
 

女生抽电子烟

女生抽电子烟有啥危害?可能造成肺损伤

美国一名18岁女孩西马·赫尔曼背着父母偷偷吸电子烟长达三年,而且每天都不能离开电子烟,否则就会觉得“生不如死”。几天前,她因为呼吸困难、几乎不能动而被父亲紧急送往医院。一开始,医生以为她是患了肺炎,但是检查发现,她的肺部红肿,里面全是液体。如今,还在医院躺着的西马通过纸和笔劝诫其他人,远离电子烟。

女生抽电子烟有啥危害?可能影响生育能力

根据发表在《内分泌学会杂志》上的一项研究,使用电子烟可能会影响生育能力和怀孕结果。

许多年轻女士和孕妇正在使用电子烟作为吸烟的一种更安全的替代品,但对其对生育能力和妊娠结局的影响知之甚少。电子烟正在推动青少年使用烟草产品的增加。根据美国疾病控制与预防中心(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)的数据,中学生使用电子烟的人数从2017年的210万上升到了2018年的360万,这一数字与年轻人的人数相差约150万。

这项研究的通讯作者,北卡罗莱纳大学教堂山分校的卡隆博士说:“我们发现,怀孕前使用电子烟会显著推迟受精卵植入子宫的时间,从而推迟和降低(老鼠的)生育能力。“我们还发现,孕期使用电子烟会改变女性后代的长期健康和新陈代谢,从而对正在发育的胎儿产生终生的第二代影响。”

在这项研究中,研究人员使用老鼠模型来研究电子烟是否会损害生育能力和后代健康。在暴露于电子烟蒸汽后,雌性小鼠胚胎着床率下降,并且与第一胎相比,妊娠期明显延迟。母鼠在子宫内接触电子烟后,到8.5个月时,母鼠的体重也没有对照组增加得多。

卡隆博士说:“这些发现很重要,因为它们改变了我们对怀孕前和怀孕期间电子烟作为传统香烟替代品的安全性的看法。”

女生抽电子烟有啥危害?会降低女性的睡眠质量

电子烟的使用者往往会在睡前立即从这些尼古丁传送装置上抽下烟(甚至会将电子烟放在床头柜上以便快速接触),肺原科医学副教授Laura E.Crotty Alexander医师说。加州大学圣迭戈分校(UCSD)的重症护理和睡眠,以及弗吉尼亚州圣迭戈医疗系统的助理医师,在一封电子邮件中写道。“这导致了我们的假设,即如果尼古丁是这些影响的主要驱动因素,那么睡前立即吸入尼古丁会导致与传统吸烟类似的睡眠中断。”

在274名研究参与者中,克罗蒂·亚历山大(Crotty Alexander)及其同事使用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)、莱斯特咳嗽问卷(LCQ)和UCSD吸入剂使用问卷评估了睡眠、咳嗽和烟草或电子烟的使用情况。

数据显示,使用电子烟和传统香烟的受试者(8.77)的psqi得分最高,而仅使用电子烟的受试者(6.87)、仅吸烟的受试者(7.88)和不吸烟的受试者(7.09;p=0.027),两组间差异显著。但是女人之间的,不是男人。

综上所述,电子烟的危害还是有的,尽管因为吸电子烟而患病的例子不断出现,很多人还是不相信吸电子烟对身体有害。很多国家也没有对电子烟的监管,导致电子烟的质量参差不齐。

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