电子香烟之殇:被冠上“成瘾产品”之名

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 烟神在线消息:电子香烟真的安全吗?这类商品现在在电视和社交媒体上卖得热火朝天;各路名人也喜欢带着它们在颁奖典礼上频频露脸;在很多实体店里,电子香烟也被堂而皇之地摆在最显眼的地方。

这一幕和多年以前香烟行销时的场景非常相似,当时,包括年轻人在内的社会各界人士争先恐后地叼起了香烟,因为这种行为不仅很酷,被社会所接纳,甚至不少人还认为抽烟具有减肥的功效(可悲的是,到现在还有很多人抱有这样的看法)。但抽了十年烟的人们非但没有减肥,反而对尼古丁形成了化学成瘾性,直到此时,他们才开始意识到先前的想法都是错误的。

只有对某种行为进行多年研究之后,我们才能真正懂得它是否安全。过去有些医生经常推荐人们吸烟,因为它可以帮助舒缓神经紧张,并且吸烟在当时被认为是一种安全的行为。让美国人相信香烟会危害健康耗费了很长时间。

也许有些人会说,电子香烟我已经用了好几年,它肯定是“安全”的,说实话,我真不知道这话是什么意思。虽然出售电子香烟的公司将这种产品定位为一种辅助人们戒烟的工具或香烟的替代品,但若要下定论说长期使用电子香烟不会对健康产生不利影响还为时尚早。一项最新研究也表明,宣称电子香烟能帮助人们戒烟的相关证据“缺乏说服力”,研究还建议出台相关条例禁止以这种方式为电子香烟做广告。

虽然电子香烟公司宣称自己的产品只会出烟,它并不含焦油或一氧化碳,但值得注意的是,电子香烟中也存在香烟中的成瘾化学物质,即能使人抽烟上瘾的尼古丁。那么,以下的一些问题便由此而来:

首先是对于成瘾性的理解。使用尼古丁口香糖或贴片也是大家都能接受的手段,这些东西可以帮助他们戒断烟瘾。因此在某种程度上来说,以戒烟为目的而使用电子香烟是合情合理的行为。但如果人们使用电子香烟只是以另一种不同的方式来继续抽烟呢?它只是代表从一种成瘾转化为另一种成瘾,还是人们真的在用这种方式戒烟呢?

其次是关于致病性。虽然电子香烟似乎已经被社会所接受,但这并不是什么好事情。难道我们真的要让很多人对一些会让他们的健康在十年之内出现状况的东西上瘾吗?如果我们希望社会变得更健康,那我们还能眼睁睁地看着人们投向有可能会让他们得病的尼古丁的怀抱吗?

最后是关于戒烟效果。如果有位55岁的女性病人需要通过电子香烟来帮助戒烟,那肯定有不少人会认为这是一种值得提倡的行为。但如果另一位19岁的女性病人因为受到名人或电子广告的影响也开始使用电子香烟,那我们是不是可以认为,一种针对年轻人的新型成瘾产品的市场正在形成?

来自《美国医学会杂志》(

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